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      美國歷屆總統簡介:第29任總統 沃倫?甘梅利爾?哈定

      時間:2020-08-13 12:49:27
      Warren Gamaliel Harding was the 29th President of the United States, serving between 1921 and 1923. He wasborn in Ohio in 1865, the eldest of eight children. He graduated from college in 1882, aged 17, and worked as a teacher and insurance agent. He then tried his hand at journalism and in 1886 he bought a failing newspaper for $300. This allowed him to make a name for himself in Ohio politics.

      沃倫·甘梅利爾·哈定是美國第29任總統,任期為1921-1923年。1865年,哈定出生于俄亥俄州,他是八個孩子當中最年長的一個。1882年,17歲的哈定從大學畢業,并成為了一名教師,以及保險代理人。之后他從事了記者這個行業,1886年,他以300美金的價格買下了一家即將落敗的報社。這使他在俄亥俄州的政界聲名鵲起。

      Harding was elected to the U.S. Senate in 1915 and served two terms until his inauguration as President in1921. While in the Senate, he opposed President Wilson’s League of Nations and introduced 134 bills. Historians say he had an “unremarkable” career in the Senate. He rarely spoke, he introduced no major bills and his attendance was “not the best”.

      1915年,哈定選舉成為了美國參議院議員,他擔任了兩屆議員,直到1921年的總統就職典禮。哈定在參議院時,反對威爾遜總統的國際聯盟,并提交了134項法案。歷史學家說他在參議院的生涯并不輝煌。他很少說話,他沒有提交任何重大法案,他有時也會不參加會議。

      An Ohio admirer, Harry Daugherty, began to promote Harding for the 1920 Republican nomination because he said, "He looked like a President." He won the Republican ticket and went on to win the Presidential election by an enormous landslide of 60 percent of the popular vote. Harding got rid of wartime controls, slashed taxes, restored the high tariffs, and tightly restricted immigration.

      作為俄亥俄州的擁護者,哈里·多爾蒂開始為哈定在1920年的共和黨提名做著宣傳,因為他說:“他看起來像一名總統”。他贏得了共和黨的選票,并獲得了總統選舉,他以60%壓倒性的選票獲勝。哈定解除了戰時管制、降低了稅率、恢復了高額關稅,并嚴格限制了移民。

      By 1923 the postwar depression gave way to new prosperity. Newspapers hailed Harding as a wise statesman carrying out his campaign promise of "Less government in business and more business in government." The nation’s unemployment halved during his administration. Despite all this, historians believe Harding is one of the worst Presidents. In 1923, he died in San Francisco of a heart attack.

      1923年,戰后蕭條變成了新的輝煌。報紙認為哈定是一位聰明的政客,他履行了他的承諾,即政府不干預商業,讓更多的商業進入政治”。在他的執政時期,國家的失業率減半。盡管他做了許多意事,但是歷史學家相信,哈定是歷史上最差勁的總統之一。1923年,因心臟病,哈定去世于舊金山。
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